Instructional Best Practices for Active Student Engagement

If an instructor does not have access to a teaching assistant, in-person students can be called on to provide assistance. For example, in-person students can rotate as “chat monitors”, alerting the instructor anytime a synchronous student poses a question or a response to a question in chat. An instructor can also choose to not use chat during class sessions, requiring synchronous students to participate verbally just like in-person students.
Instructors should make sure their HyFlex discussions do not favor synchronous students over in-person students, or vice versa. It is very easy for the instructor to only focus on the students in one modality, whether it be in-person or online.  It is important to ensure that all students get the same amount of attention and support.    
Collaborative note taking and/or collaborative slide creation can be a way students in all modalities can participate together. Collaborative note taking can be especially helpful during HyFlex group work.  
If an instructor is going to use polling tools, they should use tools that can also be accessed both asynchronously and in real-time.  
Based on instructor experience, mixing in-person and synchronous students in a group may not be possible due to sound/microphone limitations within a classroom. Therefore, homogeneous groupings (synchronous students in breakout rooms, in-person students working together within a room) may work best.   
Presentations are a great way to provide an equitable experience for all. In-person and synchronous students can present in real-time within the classroom or through video conference software, and asynchronous students can pre-record a video presentation, giving everyone a chance for student and instructor feedback.